The scientists in the South Ural State University did research on the physical characteristics and structures of Perinone which is a distinctive smelling compound. This compound is commonly used as a dye in the industry. The research conducted will help in the formation of new crystalline carbon materials and compounds, sorbents for water and air distillation based on them, in fields like medicine, organic electronics, etc.
According to an article printed in a well-known journal Acta Crystallographica Section B, the potentiality in new carbon forms is because of their anticipated extraordinary properties which are, chemical inertness, electrical conductivity, strength, heat stability, adsorption properties and similarity of pore size
As researched by a senior researcher at the Department of Materials Science and Physical Chemistry of Materials, SUSU Dmitry Zherebtsov, Perinone can be found as a disordered crystal lattice as well as in two ordered forms that can be obtained through modification. Whereas, the most required Perinone is a large flat molecule which can be used to form new carbon materials. The introduction of new carbon materials will result in the advancement of both chemistry and material sciences. It is similar to what happened when fullerenes and carbon nanotubes were discovered.
The main goal of scientists right now is to prevent the big molecules of aromatic compounds from being disorganized during thermolysis. At 350 ° C Perinone liquefies and at further higher temperature, it converts into amorphous carbon. To prevent losing crystalline structure while giving heat, it is essential to add certain functional groups into a molecule which even above the melting point converts all the crystal molecules into one carbon frame. If this task is completed successfully, it will help scientists introduce new crystalline carbon materials.