Material science and nanotech are important for advancing implantable microdevices but there are a lot of major problems that need to be sorted before the device could be profitably used to deal with neurological disease. Here Dr.Hadi Heidari and Dr. Rupam Das put light on the issues.
Designing small and detailed brain implant devices will work towards the advanced concept of healing damaged brain complaints through brain tissue transplants. It gives the assurance that till now is just possible for other body parts.
67% of Europe’s population is affected by Neurological Diseases such as epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Till the present, about 50 million people internationally have been a victim of epilepsy, of whom 8 million resides in Europe. This means a lot of money is spent every year on the cure of these diseases. It is estimated to be up to €336 billion per year. Further research shows that neurological disorder is more common in developing countries as 58% of the population is developing countries is affected by this disease. This might increase to 71% by 2050.
In the search of finding unique methods to treat brain disorders, research of a lot of strategies is being conducted. The new methods are focused on advancing medicines or on neural engineering as obvious approaches. But, the built-in weaknesses limit their sole purpose.
A few essential properties are built in the biomaterials so that it may help heal the body, after being implanted.
The purpose of regenerative medicines is to help fix the anatomical brain damage. Even though the inherent neuronal plasticity of biological grafts gives an extraordinary level of flexibility, their uncertain results might be a risk to the patient`s wellbeing unless used very carefully. Neural engineering aims to take over the brain function through highly manageable brain-inspired systems, but the flexibleness of these tools still is far away from matching the brain performance